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松材线虫病的简介

时间: 2018/10/10

  songcaixianchongbingyouchengsongshuweinianbing,shisongshushangdeyizhonghuimiexingchuanranbing,beixuduoguojialieweijianyiduixiang。beijingpk10guo1982nianzainanjingzhongshanlingshoucifaxian,xianyibeikuodaoliaoningsheng,yanjunxingshiyibijinbeijingpk10sheng,zaibeijingpk10guoshiyizhongdianxingdebingyuanzhudaoxingbinghai,yeshibeijingpk10guolinyeyouhaishengwuzhishou,songshuyidanranbinghenkuaikuweisiwang,yincibeichengzhiweisongshude“aizheng”。

  一、松材线虫病的发生特点

  songcaixianchongbingnengyinqiyizhonglinyeshangzuijuweixianxing、huimiexingdebinghai。tazhibingliqiang,jizhusiwangsudukuai;chuanbokuai,qiechangchangcubujifang;yidanfasheng,zhilinanduda。jubuwanquantongji,zhongguozi1982nianfashenggaibinghoude10nianjian,fashengmianjiyueda38000hm2,zaochengsongshusiwang1400000zhuyishang,sunshimucai50000m3。yongyubinghaidefangzhijingfeiyida645wanyuan。gaibingbujinjiguominjingjizaochengzhongdasunshi,yepohuaileziranjingguanheshengtaihuanjing,duibeijingpk10guofengfudesonglinziyuangouchengyanzhongweixie。

  二、松材线虫病的寄主树种

  beijingpk10guoyibaodaozaizirantiaojianxiaganbingzhishao13zhong: ribenheisong、chisong、liuqiusong、maweisong、huangshansong、huojusong、shidisong、baipisong、yunnansong、simaosong、yousong、huashansong、hongsongdeng,songshushibeijingpk10guozuizhuyaodezaolinshuzhong,yousonglinmianji5yimu,qizhuzaishuzhongmaweisong、heisong、chisong、huashansong、yunnansong、huangshansongdengdoushiyiganbingsongzhong。

  三、松材线虫病的发生分布

  35nianlaixianhouzai18gesheng400duogeshixianfasheng,1982nianjiangsu,1988anhui、guangdong,1990shandong,1991zhejiang,2000shanghai、hubei,2001fujian、zhongqing、guangxi,2003jiangxi、hunan、guizhou,2004sichuan、yunnan,2009henan、shanxi,2016liaoning,zhi2016nianzaibeijingpk10guoyixianhouyou374gexianqufashengsongcaixianchongbing,zhanxianjixingzhengquzongshu2862gede13.1%。zhi2017niandizaibeijingpk10guoyixianhouyou451gexianqufashengguosongcaixianchongbing,zhanxianjixingzhengquzongshu2862gede15.8%。muqianrengyou16geshenghe323gexianjixingzhengquweisongcaixianchongbingyiqu。

  四、松材线虫病的传播途径

  chuanbotujingzhuyaofenweiziranchuanboherenweichuanbo

  ziranchuanbo: zhuyaotongguomeijiekunchongxiedaisongcaixianchongchuanbodaolinjindejiankangsongshu,lingwaishaoshuyeketongguoxianchongbenshendeyidongjibingzhuyujiankangzhuzhijiandegenbuturangjiechuerchuanbo。

  renweichuanbo: zhidaiyousongcaixianchonghechuanbomeijiedebingcai、bingzhijiqijiagongpindengtongguorengong、yunshugongjudengbanyundaolingyigediqu,zheizhongchuanbofangshibushouziranpingzhangxianzhi,erqiesudukuai,shizuizhuyao、yeshizuiweixiandechuanbofangshi。


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