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赤芍种植技术

时间: 2017/12/13

  (yi)xuandizhengdi

  xuanzetuzhishusong、tucengshenhou,paishuilianghaodepingdihuohuanpo,gengfan30limizuoyou,qingchutianjianshikuai、zacaohecaogen,ranhoudalonghuozuoqi。rushazhijiaozhongtoushuihaodedikuai,yicaiyongpingqi,tuzhijiaozhantoushuibuliangdedikuai,yicaiyonggaoqi。qigao15limizuoyou,qikuan100-140limi,qijianju35limi。

  (er)zhongzhifangfa

  1、qimianshunxiangkaiqiangou,goushen5-7limi,tiaobo,jiangzhongzijunyunsarugouzhong,futu5limizuoyou,shaozhenya。zuihaoshanggaijiufei。di2nian5yuekaishichumiao,meinian5-6yuezhuishinongjiafei1ci,dongjizaiqimianpuquanfeihuotuzafei,yibaoanquanyuedong。peiyu2nianhouzuozhongmiaojinxingyizai,yizaifangfatongyatouzaifa。zhongzifanzhi,yinshengzhangnianxianzhang,yibanxuyong5nianzuoyoucainengshouhuo,shengchanshangduobucaiyong。

  2、yatouzaifa

  kecaiyongdalongzaipei。zailongshangkaigou,jiangxuanhaodeyatouanzhuju30limizaizhong,yachaoshang,yongshaoliangtugudingyatou,zaiyongfushubingfeihuoyoujifeiliaoshirugounei,futuhoushaoyajike。

  (san)tianjianguanli

  1、zhonggengchucao

  zaizhonghou,touliangnianyoumiaoaixiao,zuihaozaiqimianpushangquanfei,bujinzengjiafeili,bingyizhizacaodeshengzhang。zaihoudi2nianhongyaluchuhou,yinglijizhonggengchucao,cishidechishaogenxianxi,zhagenbushen,buyishenchu。5,6yuegezhonggengchucaoyici。

  2、peitu、guangai

  meiniandongjizaiqinglikuzhicanyedetongshi,yingpeitu1ci,yifangzhiyuedongyaluchudimiankusi。zaixiajigaowenganzaoshiqi,yeyingshidangpeitukanghan。youtiaojiandediqu,keyiguangai。duoyujijie,yaojishipaishui。

  3、zhailei xianleishi,xuanqingtianjianghualeiquanbuzhaichu,yiligenbushengzhang。liuzhongdezhizhu,keshidangqudiaobufenhualei,shizhongzichongshibaoman。

  4、jianzuo zaihoudangnianhedi2nian,keshidangzaichishaokongjianzaizhongyumi、dadou,yijiangdixiajidibiaowendu,younengshouhuoliangshi。

  bingchonghaifangzhi:

  1、binghai

  shaoyaohuimeibing: shiyouyizhongzhenjunyinqidebinghai,ye、jing、huadengbuweijunhuibeihai。bingjunzhuyaoyijunhesuibingyetuoluo,zaituzhongyuedong。yibanzaikaihuayihoufabing,yinyulianmianshizuizhong。fangzhifangfa: fabinghou,qingchubeihaizhiye,jizhongshaohuihuoshenmai。caiqulunzuohuoxuanyongwubingzhongya,pingshiyingjiaqiangtianjianguanli,jishipaishui,baochitongfengtouguang。yifabingqihefabingchuqiyong1∶1∶100boerduoyepenshaizhizhu,meige10-14tianpen1ci,lianxujinxing3-4ci。

  shaoyaoxiubing: shiyouyizhongzhenjunyinqidebinghai,weihaiyepian。7、8yuebingqingjiazhong。fangzhifangfa: shaoyaoshouhuoshijiangcanzhubingyejizhongshaohui,jianshaoyuedongjunyuan。zaifabingchuqipenbomei0.3-0.4dushiliuhejihuo97%dixiuna400beiyexiaoguolianghao。

  2、haichong youqicao、dilaohu、lougudengweihaigenbu。meimukeyongxinliulin2gongjin,zhichengdutu,jiehezhengdisarutuzhongdusha。

  shaoyaodezaipeijishuer

  shaoyao(paeonielacliflorapall)shibeijingpk10guochuantongdeminghuazhiyi,yumudanhechengwei“huazhongerjue”shizhuangdianyuanlin,meihuahuanjingdezhuyaohuahui。qigenganzaoweibaishao,weiku、suan、xingweihan,guigan、fei、pijing,juyoupingganzhitong、yangxuediaojing、lianyinzhihanzhigongneng,yongyutounaoxuanyun,xietong、futong,jirouluantong、yuejingbudiao、taidongbuan、zihan、daohandengzheng。shaoyaojuyouhengaodeguanshangheyaoyongjiazhi,qizhongzhixiaoyixianzhu,shichangqianlihenda,shiyixiangxinxingchanye。

  1 tezheng、texing

  shaoyaoyoumingyiyao、caomudan,shimaogenke,shaoyaoshuduonianshengcaobenhuahui。dixiabuyoucuzhuangderouzhigen,tongchangweiyuanzhuxinghuofangchuixing,qianhuanghesehuohuizise。yaweihunheya,congshengyugenjingshang,rouzhi,shuihongsehuohuangse。jingrougenbucusheng,gao60—100cm。yeweierhuisanchuyuzhuangfuye,zaizhishaojijinhuachuweidanshengxiaoye,luanzhuangpizhenxing。huadanshengyujingding,danban,huada,seyan,simudan,huaseyouchunbai、danhong、zihong、mozi、huang、fu(yihuaerse)deng。huajing15—20cm。xiongruiduoshu,huapilisheng,guo,hanheisezhongzishuli。shaoyaoyuanchanyubeijingpk10guobeifang、ribenjixiboliya。xingnaihan,xiliangshuang,xiyangguangchongzu。yaoqiupaishuilianghaodesharangtu,jiyulaojishui。shaoyaoshixugenzhiwu,meinian3yuemengfachutu,4—6yueweizhangwangshengshiqi,huaqi5yue,guoqi6—8yue,8yuezhongxunshangbukaishikuweishishaoyaodaihanliangzuigao。

  2 zaipeijishu

  2 1 zhengdi

  xuanzepaishuilianghaotongfengxiangyang,tucengshenhou,feiwoderangtuhuosharangtuweiyi,qianchayixiaomaijianzuiyou。zaipeiyaoqiujinggengxizuo,shengeng20—40cm,gengfan1cihuo2ci,jiehegengfanmeigongqingshinongjiafei2400—60000kgzuojifei,gengping,zuoqi。

  2 2 fanzhi

  changcaiyongfenzhufanzhi,shaoyaodezaizhibixuzai8—9yuejinxing,yinzheishiliyugendeshangkouyuhehemengfaxingen,guowanshaoyaoyatouyifaxingen,zaizhishirongyinongduan,yingxianglainianshengzhang。jueqilaozhu,jiangshaoyaotouconggenbugexia,xuanxingzhuangcuda,wubingchonghaideyapan,andaxiaoheyadeduoshao,shunqiziranshengzhangxingzhuangqiechengkuai,meikuailiuya2—4ge,yatouxialiu2cmzhangdetouyilishengzhang。yibanmeigongqingshaoyaoyatoukezai3—4hm2,mei4zhi5nianfenzhuyiciweiyi。shaoyaoyatouzuihaosuiqiesuizai。rubunengjishizaizhong,yingjishizhuzang,kezaishineixuanyinliangtongfengganzaochu,dishangpushirundexishatu,jiangyatouxiangshangduifang,zaigaishirunshatu。zaizhishi,anshaoyaoyatoudaxiaofenbiezaizhi,bianyuguanli。xingzhuju50cm×30cm,meigongqingzai6×104zhu—6 8×104zhu。xuezai,meixuefangyikuai,mairudixia3cmweiyi。zaizhishi,turangbuyiguoshi,yimianyinqilangenyingxiangchenghuo。lanqianfugaimaicao,shuyedeng,baochiturangwendu。diernian3yueshangxun,shaoyaomengfaqianqingchufugaiwu。

  2 3 miaojianguanli

  2 3 1 zhonggengchucaozaochunsongtubaoshang chumiaohoumeinianzhonggengchucao4—6ci,zhonggengyiqian,yimianshanggensimiao。10yuexiaxun,fengdongqian,lidimian7—10cmchujianquzhiye,zaigenjingpeituyue15cm,yiliyuedong。

  2 3 2 zhuifei diernianqimeinianzhuifeisanci,meicizhuifei,yuzhizhuliangcewaxueshixiaweihao,xiangqingjianbiao1。

  2 3 3 paiguanshui shaoyaoxihanpalao,yibanbuxuguangai,yanzhongganhanshi,kezaibangwanguantoushuiyici。duoyujijishiqinggoupaishui,jianshaofabingjihui。

  2 3 4 zhailei weileshiyangfenjizhonggonggenbushengzhang,meinianchunjixianleishiyaojishijiangceleizhaichu,huahourubuliuzhongziyaojiangcanhuajianqu。

  2 4 bingchonghaidefangzhi zhuyaoyouyixiajizhong:

  2 4 1 ruanfubing bingzhuyemian、yebing、huajingshangchuxianshuijinzhuangban,jinerweiruanxiachui,rubujishifangzhiquanzhusiwang。faxiancibingshijianchulanye、lanjing,zaijianchutuliuhuangfen,yekeyongdaisenxindengyaoyufang。

  2 4 2 baifenbing zhuyaoweihaiyepian,beihaiyeliangmianchuxianbaifenzhuangbingban。fabingchuqiyong50%tuobujin800—1000beiyepenwufangzhi,meizhouyicilianpen2—3ci。

  2 4 3 yachonghehongzhizhubing fashengkepen40%leguoxishi1000—1500beipensa,meizhouyici,lianxupensancikexiaomie。

  2 5 caishoujiagong

  10yuezhongxunzhizhukuhuangshicaiwa,xianjiangdishangjingyegequ,ranhouxiaoxinwachurouzhigenboniquza,shaibangan,qiepian,shaiganweichishao;xuancuzhuanggenqupi,zhutoushai1—2d,jinqubianruancuoshi,qiepian,shaiganweibaishao。

  chishaozaipeijishusan

  (yi)xuandizhengdi

  xuanzetuzhishusong、tucengshenhou,paishuilianghaodepingdihuohuanpo,gengfan30limizuoyou,qingchutianjianshikuai、zacaohecaogen,ranhoudalonghuozuoqi。rushazhijiaozhongtoushuihaodedikuai,yicaiyongpingqi,tuzhijiaozhantoushuibuliangdedikuai,yicaiyonggaoqi。qigao15limizuoyou,qikuan100-140limi,qijianju35limi。

  (er)zhongzhifangfa

  1、qimianshunxiangkaiqiangou,goushen5-7limi,tiaobo,jiangzhongzijunyunsarugouzhong,futu5limizuoyou,shaozhenya。zuihaoshanggaijiufei。di2nian5yuekaishichumiao,meinian5-6yuezhuishinongjiafei1ci,dongjizaiqimianpuquanfeihuotuzafei,yibaoanquanyuedong。peiyu2nianhouzuozhongmiaojinxingyizai,yizaifangfatongyatouzaifa。zhongzifanzhi,yinshengzhangnianxianzhang,yibanxuyong5nianzuoyoucainengshouhuo,shengchanshangduobucaiyong。

  2、yatouzaifa

  kecaiyongdalongzaipei。zailongshangkaigou,jiangxuanhaodeyatouanzhuju30limizaizhong,yachaoshang,yongshaoliangtugudingyatou,zaiyongfushubingfeihuoyoujifeiliaoshirugounei,futuhoushaoyajike。

  (san)tianjianguanli

  1、zhonggengchucao

  zaizhonghou,touliangnianyoumiaoaixiao,zuihaozaiqimianpushangquanfei,bujinzengjiafeili,bingyizhizacaodeshengzhang。zaihoudi2nianhongyaluchuhou,yinglijizhonggengchucao,cishidechishaogenxianxi,zhagenbushen,buyishenchu。5,6yuegezhonggengchucaoyici。

  2、peitu、guangai

  meiniandongjizaiqinglikuzhicanyedetongshi,yingpeitu1ci,yifangzhiyuedongyaluchudimiankusi。zaixiajigaowenganzaoshiqi,yeyingshidangpeitukanghan。youtiaojiandediqu,keyiguangai。duoyujijie,yaojishipaishui。

  3、zhailei xianleishi,xuanqingtianjianghualeiquanbuzhaichu,yiligenbushengzhang。liuzhongdezhizhu,keshidangqudiaobufenhualei,shizhongzichongshibaoman。

  4、jianzuo zaihoudangnianhedi2nian,keshidangzaichishaokongjianzaizhongyumi、dadou,yijiangdixiajidibiaowendu,younengshouhuoliangshi。

  bingchonghaifangzhi:

  1、binghai

  shaoyaohuimeibing: shiyouyizhongzhenjunyinqidebinghai,ye、jing、huadengbuweijunhuibeihai。bingjunzhuyaoyijunhesuibingyetuoluo,zaituzhongyuedong。yibanzaikaihuayihoufabing,yinyulianmianshizuizhong。fangzhifangfa: fabinghou,qingchubeihaizhiye,jizhongshaohuihuoshenmai。caiqulunzuohuoxuanyongwubingzhongya,pingshiyingjiaqiangtianjianguanli,jishipaishui,baochitongfengtouguang。yifabingqihefabingchuqiyong1∶1∶100boerduoyepenshaizhizhu,meige10-14tianpen1ci,lianxujinxing3-4ci。

  shaoyaoxiubing: shiyouyizhongzhenjunyinqidebinghai,weihaiyepian。7、8yuebingqingjiazhong。fangzhifangfa: shaoyaoshouhuoshijiangcanzhubingyejizhongshaohui,jianshaoyuedongjunyuan。zaifabingchuqipenbomei0.3-0.4dushiliuhejihuo97%dixiuna400beiyexiaoguolianghao。

  2、haichong youqicao、dilaohu、lougudengweihaigenbu。meimukeyongxinliulin2gongjin,zhichengdutu,jiehezhengdisarutuzhongdusha。


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