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寒富苹果的种植技术

时间: 2017/5/11

  yi、hanfupingguodepinzhongtexing

  hanfupingguoweiduanzhixingpinzhong,yiduanguozhijieguoweizhu,guotaifushaolianxujieguonengliqiang,yehuayajieguonenglijiqiang。jinrujieguoqizao,huaxuzuoguolvda82.5%。guoshiduanzhuixing,guobingduancu,kangfengxingqiang。pingjundanguozhong250g,guoshizongjing6.96cm,hengjing7.84cm,guoxingzhishu0.89。zuidadanguozhong915g 。

  guopiyangmianpianhong,kequanmianzhehongse。guoroudanhuangse,rouzhisucui,zhiduoweinong,youxiangqi,kerongxingguxingwuhanliang15.2%,tangsuanbizhiwei36.8。jinaizhuzang,zhuzangxingchaoguoguoguanghefushi,zaizhuzangkuzhuzangqikeda8geyuezuoyou。

  jingguoquyuxingshizai,zaoguoxingqiang,dingzhihoudi2nianjianhua,di3nianjiyouchanliang,di4~5nianjinrufengchanqi,chanliang2000~2500kg/666.7m2,zuigaochanliang5000kg/666.7m2(zhuxingju1m×2.5mdemizhiyuan)。dongjinengkang-33.1℃dediwen,wudonghaibiaoxian,kanglunwenbingnenglijiaoqiang。guoshichengshuqiwei10yueshangxun,11yueshangxunzhengchangluoye。

  er、tufeishuiguanlijishu

  (yi)、shengengfanshuhuaturang

  zhuyaozaichun、qiuliangjijinxingshenfan(shenda30cmzuoyou),cishiyingjieheshiyoujifeitongshijinxing,yekezaishengzhangjisuishijinxingshidufangenghechuzacao,jianshaobingchonghaiweihai,qidaozengjiaturangyoujizhihanliang,gaishanturangjiegoudemude。

  (er)、pinghengshifei

  youshuqi,meinian4yueshijifei,zhushinongfei,tongshihunruniaosu、linsuaneran、liusuanjiagong0.25~0.5kg(sanzhebiliwei1: 1: 1),fangfaweihuanzhuanggoushi。

  jieguoqi,yumeinianchunjimengyaqianshinongjiafeishi,meizhujiashiniaosu、linsuaneran、liusuanjiagong0.75~1kg(sanzhebiliwei1: 0.5: 1),fangfaweifangshegouzhuanggoushifei,meizhuwa4~6tiaofangshegou,meinianzhujiandiaohuangoushideweizhi。

  jieguoshengqi,chunshijifeishihunrufuhefei1.2~1.5kgheguoshuzhuanyongshengwuyoujifei5kg,7yuemozhi8yuechushiliusuanjia0.75kg。

  (san)、shuifenguanli

  genjuqihoutiaojian,zaikaihuaqian、luohuahouzhiyouguopengdaqiyijihouqiganhanshi,douyingfenbieguanshui,rudongjiedongqianjishiguanfengdongshui。yujidangguoyuanjishuishiyaojishipaishuifanglao。

  san、huaguoguanlijishu

  (yi)、shoufen

  hanfupingguodeshoufenfangshizhuyaoyoukunchongshoufenherengongshoufenliangzhong。 bujinketigaozuoguolv,erqiegengyouliyuguoshifayu,shiguoxingduanzheng。

  1、kunchongshoufen

  zaishoufenshudapeihelideqingkuangxiakecaiyongkunchongshoufen。kunchongshoufenkejieshengrengongshoufensuoyonglaoli,shoufenzhoudaoxizhi。shouxianyaozuohaobifengfengchao,yongluweimeijiejianchengyitoukong15cm-17cmdeguan,mei50zhiwei1kun,meigefengchaoxu6kun,zhuangjinqianhouzhang30cm、kuan16cmdeyingzhixiangnei,zhichengchaoxiang,weibifengyingzaochengziranfengchaodeganjue。

  zaikaihuaqian3-5tiankaishifangfeng,meimutoufangliang100touzuoyou,toufangshi,zaiguoyuanxingjianmeifangyuan26-30mshezhiyichaoxiang(julidimian33cm),bingzaichaoxiangqianwayigezhangkuan40cmdeshuikeng,baochiturangshirun,gongfengxiannizhuchao。guoshuluohuahou5-7tian,jiangchaoguanshouhui,fangrunilongshadainei,zaiqingjietongfengshineibaocun,shiyoufengzaijianneixingchenganquanxiumian,yinianzaiyong。fangfengqian10-15tianbimianzaishoufenguoyuanneijijinlindikuaipensanongyao。

  2、rengongshoufen

  zaishoufenshudapeibuheliyouquefashoufenkunchongqingkuangxia,kecaiyongrengongfuzhushoufendefangfa。caijidehuafenpinzhongyingshiyuhanfuqinheliqiang、huafenliangda、huaqixiangyu、fayuzhengchangdepinzhong,ruxinhongxing、gala、jinguandeng,caijidehuafenyuhanfudeshenghuachuqi,zaihuakaifangdedangtianhuocirishoufenxiaoguozuijia。

  shoufenshi,yibancaiyongrengongdianshoufa,jiyongqimenxinhemaobidengzuoshoufenqi,zhanquhuafen,shouyuciruizhutoushangjike。meihuaxuzhishou1duohua,zhishouzhongxinhuaweihao。yekeliyongpenwuqiyushenghuaqijinxingpenfen,huojianghuafenpeichengxuanfuyejinxingyetishoufen。

  (er)、shuhuashuguo

  hanfupingguoshidaxingguo,yinggenjuhualiangjishoufenqingkuangheshutifayuzhuangtaizonghequedingshuhuashuguoliang。shuhuafangshishi“yinshudingchan,kanzhiliuhua”,jiehefujianduoliu10%—20%hualiangjike,duoyudehuaxujizaoshuchujianshaoyingyangxiaohao。

  shuguofangshibijiaojiandandeshishengzhangdianshuguofa,jutibuzhoushixianjisuanquanshudangniandexinshaoshuliang,jimei5pianyeyishangdexinshaosuanyigeshengzhangdian,mei5—6geshengzhangdianliu1geguo,dingguoshiyaoquchubingchongguo、mishengguo、xiaoguo、pianguo、jixingguodeng,shuguoyingzaihuahouyizhouzuoyoukaishi。

  (san)、guoshitaodai

  guoshitaodai(shuangcengdai: “dh”zhidai、fudadai)kezengjinguomianzhese,tigaoguomianguangjiedu,jiangdibingchongguolv,jianshaonongyaocanliuliang,tigaoguoshizhuzangxingheshangpinxing。

  1、taodaishijian

  taodaiguozaoyichanshengrizhuobing,taodaishiqiguowan,wangwangyingxiangleguomiandeguangjiedu,guodianjiaodaqiejiaomingxian,jiangdiletaodaidexiaoguo,yeyingxiangletaodaiguodexiaoyi。genjushijiqingkuang,yibanzai6yue15-30riweiyi。

  2、taodaifangfa

  quanshutaodaiyaoanshunxujinxing,xiantaoshushangguo,houtaoshuxiaguo,xiantaoguanneiguo,houtaoguanwaiguo,yifangpengdiaotaodaiguohepengshangguoshi。taodaidequanguochengjinliangjianshaoshouzhichumoguoshidecishu。

  taodaishi,xianjiangdaikouniekai,youshoushenrudaineidibu,shouzhilvewanquchengbanwoquanzhuang。zaiyongzuoshouzhangweituoqidaidi,shidaitipengqidijiaoliangbiandetongqipaishuikongzhangkai,yiliyutongqihepaishui。

  zaiyongliangshoudemuzhiyushizhigeniezhudaikoudeliangbian,judaikouxia2-3limichu,jiangdaideguogengkouchaoxia,bayouguotaorudainei,shiguogengcongguogengdaikouchuluchu。zuihoujiangdaikouyouzhongjianxiangliangcezhedieshoujin,yongdaikoubiandezhizhen(jinshusi)kajindaikoujike。qiebuyaojiangdaikouliantongguogengkazaiyiqi,yifangluoguo。

  3、zhaidaifangfa

  yibanzaiguoshicaishouqian10-15tianzuoyoujinxingzhaidai。xianjiangwaidaizhaidiaohuosiqu,dai2-3tianhou,zaijiangneicengdaizhaidiao,yifangguomianrizhuo。

  zhaidaishi,zuihaoxuanzeyintianhuoduoyuntianqijinxing。ruqingtianzhaidaishi,dangqiwenwendinghoujinxingweihao,rutianqiguore,riguangtaizu,buyijinxingzhaidai,fangzhiguomianchuxianrizhuo。zaiyitianzhong,zuihaoyushangwu10-12shi,zhaishuguandong、beifangxiangdeguoshidai,xiawu2-4shi,zhaishuguanxi、nanfangxiangdeguoshidai,zheiyangkejianshaoyinguangzhaojubianeryinqiderizhuo。

  zhaiye、zhuanguo、pufanguangmo: yucaishouqian7-8tian,xianzhaichuguoshizhouwei5—10limifanweideyepian,tongshixizhijianchushuguanneidezhilizhi、tuzhangzhihemishengzhi,shujianguomidewaiweixinshao,zhaichuzheguangdeyepian,jiangguoshiqingzhuanyixia,shiyinmianzhuanweiyangmian,cujinguoshizhese。

  (si)、shishicaishou

  caishoushiyidingyaoqingcaiqingfang,yongcaiguozhuanyongjianzijiangguobingjianduan,guobingzhangduyibunengcishangqitaguoweiyi,tongshihaiyaobimianpeng、yashang。tongshizhuyibuyaojiangguogengbadiao,wubingguorongyilashangguorouerfulan。caiguoshibuyaozhehuaiguotai,yimianyingxiangyinianhuaguoliang。caishouyongdetiaokuang、tulanjunyingneichenbobaohuobianzhidai,congkuangdaodui,congduidaoxiangyijiyunsongguochengdouyingzhugejian、na,yanjinqingdao。pingguoludiduifang,baitianxujiagaizheyangwang,yejianzejiekaifangluyuleng。

  caishouhouyaoanguogedaxiao、zheselv、chengshududengbiaozhunjinxingfenjibaozhuang。youtiaojiandehaixujingguojixieqingxi、shangguangdala;zhugetaowang,angeshuhuozhongliangzhuangxiang、fengxiang、tiebiaoqian。

  si、xiujianjishu

  (yi)、aihuahanfudezhengxingxiujianjishu

  1、shuxingxuanze

  aihuahanfuzhuyaoyiyepingguohuohaitangguoweijizhen,gm256huokm23dengkanghanzhongjianzhen,xingchenglekangyanjian、kanghan、fengchansanweiyitideyouliangzhensuizuhe,miduwei2×3-2×4m,genjuaihuahanfudeshengzhangfayutedian,yingxuanzegailiangzhuganxing。

  2、xiujianfangfa

  xuanzechuizhushidezhengzhifangshi,yinianshengmiaodingzhihou,yu60cm——70cmchudinggan,diernianchunjixiujianshi,zhuganzhitouzaizhide1/3chujinxingduanjie,qiyudeyinianshengzhiquanbushuchu。

  duidangnianquanzhufachudecefenzhizai30cmshiyongyaqiankaijiao,dai9yuezhongxunqianhoujinxinglazhi110-120°

  di3nianchunjimengyashixiujian,duizhuganzhitoujinxingqingduanjie,bingjiangjiankouxiajingzhengzhishuchu,qiyudezhijinxinghuanfang,xingchengxiechuizhuang,zailazhishizhitiaofachudejibutuzhangzhiyaojinxingshuchu。

  di3nianxinzhangchudecefenzhitongyangzaiqiujijinxingqianglazhi,kaizhangjiaodu,yinianchunjijinxinghuange。di4niandongchunxiujianshi,yudi3nianxiangtong,danduiyixiejieguodezhiyaojinxingzhenghefuzhuang,baozhengzhongxingandejueduiyoushi。di5nianjinxingluotou。baochiyidinggaodu,duichaoguo1: 0.3ganzhibilidezhiyaoquanbushuchu,xingchengzhuganxing,chuizhuzhuang

  (er)、qiaozhenhanfudezhengxingxiujianjishu

  1、shuxingxuanze

  muqianhanfupingguoqiaozhenmizhi3×4myingxuanzeziyoufangchuixing。

  2、xiujianfangfa gailiangziyoufangchuixing

  yinianshengmiaodingzhihou,yu60cm——70cmchudinggan,zaimengyahouboqujiankouxiadi2ya,jianshaojingzhengzhi,dangzhuganshangdecefenzhizhangdao20cmshiyongyaqiankaijiao,bingzai9yue25rijiangzhitiaokaijiao80-90°。

  dierniandongchunxiujianshi,zhongyanglingdaozhijicefenzhizai1/3chujinxingduanjie,yicujinfenzhi。duizhuganshangfachudecefenzhizaibanmuzhihuashi,liyongtongyangfangfajinxingjibukaijiao。

  disanniandongchunxiujianshi,duidi1、di2nianzhuganshangfachudezhi、weiyushuguan“x”fangxiangdeyaodingxiangxuanliu,bingzaixinshao1/3chuduanjie,zaixingjianfangxiangdezhijinxinghuanfangpoding,duizhongyanglingdaozhi,caiyongqingduanjie,shuchu2、3jingzhengzhi,baochiqishengzhangshi。

  di4niandongjianshi,duizhongyanglingdaozhibujinxingduanjie,zhishuchu2、3jingzhengzhi,duiquanshuyijingxuanliudezhuzhibuzaijinxingduanjie,yangekongzhizhuzhideshuliang、zhangdu,jiaodu,yipeiyangxiachuijieguozhizuweizhu,pingxiejieguozhizuweifu。dangshulingdadao5nianshengshi,shutidadaoyidinggaodu,jibenchengxing,yaojinxingluotou。

  wu、bingchonghaizonghefangzhi

  bingchonghaifangzhiyaojianchi“yufangweizhu,zonghefangzhi”deyuanze。binghaizhuyaoyou: pingguofulanbing、pingguozaoqiluoyebing、pingguolunwen、tanjubingdeng。chonghaizhuyaoyoutaoxiaoshixinchong、lixiaoshixinchong、pingguoyeman、yachong、qianyeedeng。

  1、chunjimengyaqian

  penbu5�0�2beshiliuheji。duifulanbingjiaozhongdeguoyuan,keyonglvsefengshagaotumo。ciqizhuyaofangzhifulanbing,lunwenbing,tanjubingdeng。

  huaqianpen10%deyibianjing1000-2000beiye+aweijunsu4000beiye+2..5%gongfu2000beiye,kefangzhiyachong、hongzhizhu、juanyechong、maochongleideng。

  2、huahou

  penbu25%biyatong5000-8000beiye+10%simanqin2000beiye+lesiben(dusipi)4000beiye,kefangzhiyachong、hongzhizhu、juanyechong、maochongleideng

  3、huahou

  ciqihaishifangzhipingguoyemanhepingguohefubingdezhuyaojieduan。10%simanqin2000beiye+50%duojunlingkeshixingfenji700beiye。

  4、6yueshangxunpenbu4.5%gaojiaweiyan2000beiye+10%deyibianjing1000-2000beiye+70%bingsenxin800-1000beiye,kefangzhi: shixinchong、yachong、zaoqiluoyebing、lunwenbing、tanjubingdeng。

  5、6yuexiaxun

  21.5%jiaanjiaweijunsubenjiasuanyan4000-5000beiye+25%biyatong5000-8000beiye+25%sanzuoxi2500beiye,kefangzhishixinchong、yachong、hongzhizhudeng 。

  6、7yuezhongxun

  penbu1: 2: 240deboerduoyehuo80%wuzuochun5000-8000beiye,fangzhizaoqiluoyebing、lunwenbing、tanjubingdeng。

  7、7yuezhongxiaxun

  20%dishasi1500beiye+25%mieyouniao1200beiye+25%sanzuoxi2000beiye,sanzuoxi2500beiye,fangzhiyachong、qianyee、hongzhizhudeng

  8、8yuezhongxun

  35%lvchongbenjiaxianan1500beiye+25%sanzuoxi1200beiye+80%wuzuochun8000-10000beiye,fangzhi: shixinchong、yachong、hongzhizhu、zaoqiluoyebing、lunwenbing、tanjubingdeng。

  9、9yueshangzhongxun

  48%lesiben(dusipi)1200beiye+80%wuzuochun5000-8000beiye,fangzhishixinchong、lunwenbing、tanjubingdeng。

  10、11yuexiaxunduishuganjinxingtubai,shiliuheji1gongjin+shengshihui3gongjin+shiyan0.5gongjin+rezhuyou0.25gongjin+shui15gongjin。tubaikeyijianshaorishao、donghai,yanchimengyahekaihua,shiguoshumianzaowanshuangweihai。


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