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软枣猕猴桃的栽培技术

时间: 2017/3/15

  ruanzaomihoutaosuchengruanzaozi,ziranyeshengyubeijingpk10guodongbeilinqu,yizhangbaishanquweizhu,shinaihanxinghenqiangdetengbenyeshengguoshu,dangqianyijinrurengongzaipeiduonian。guoshijuyouzibuqiangshen,shengjinrunfeidezuoyong,duigaoxueya,xinjiaotong、gaoxuezhidengzhengyouyidingdeliaoxiao。

  1miaomufanzhi

  1.1qianchayumiao

  1)qianchashiqihefangfa: yingjiqianchazaidongbeiyibanwei3yuezhong、xiaxun,xuanquyinianshengzhitiaojinxingqiancha、chahoudeqiwenbuchaoguo15℃weiyi。lvzhiqianchayibanwei6yuexiaxun,xuanqudangnianshengbanmuzhihuaxinshaozuochatiao。  yingzhiqianchakexuanyonghuokangqianchachuanghuodianreqianchachuang,xiangbizhixia,dianreqianchachuangduiwenduyikongzhi。lvzhiqianchakeyongwenchuanghuoludizuochachuang。

  2)chatiaoxuanzeyuchuli: yingzhiqianchadechatiaoyingliyongdongjixiujianxiadeyinianshengzhitiao,zhuyixuanzeliyongzhitiaojianzhuang,yayanbaomande。lvzhiqianchadechatiaoshizaishengzhangjijiexuanquchongshidebanmuzhihuaxinshaoweichatiao。chatiaozhangduyibanwei15—18cm,chatiaoxiabuqiekouqiecheng450jiao,shangqiekouzaiyayanshangbu1.5cmchuqieduan,yaoqiuqiekoupinghua。

  1.2jiajieyumiao

  jiajiefangfazhuyaoyouchunjipijiehexiajidaimuzhibuyajie。yinweiruanzaomihoutaosuibujiaodaqieyoukongqiang,jiajiechenghuohenkunnan,suoyichunjipijiejiaohao,yiyuchenghuo,qieshengzhangqizhang,kedangnianchupu。

  chunpijiefangfa: (1)xuanzeyouliangpinzhongdeyinianshengzhitiaozuojiesui;(2)zaijiesuiyaxiafangl~2cmchuliangceduichenggexiexueyidao,shijiesuichengxiexing; (3)zaiyashangfang0.3cmchuhengqieyidao,qieduanjiesui。

  2zaipeijishu

  2.1 yuandixuanzeyumiaomuzaizhi

  yuandixuanze。yingenxiweirouzhigen,cuerfeinen,zaiturangzhongfenbushendujiaoqian,jipaganhanyoupashilao。yinci,yuandiyixuanshusongfeiwo、touqixinglianghaodeshazhituranghuofuhanfuzhizhideqiulingshandi,qiejilaowadijianyuan。yinweiruanzaomihoutaoshuyubanyinxingzhiwu,suoyi,yixuanzedongbeixianghuobeixiangpodi。

  miaomuzaizhiyuguanli。shiyuchunzai,zaitucenghuadonghou,anzhuxingju2m×4mhuo2.5m×5mdeguigewazaizhi**,**shen60~80cm,wa**shi,jiangbiaotuhexintufenbiefangzhi。suihoufangrufushuyoujizhifei20kg,linjiafei0.5kg,ranhoujinxingbiaotuyufeiliaobanjunhouzaizhi。dingzhishi,miaomugenbuyaolvegaoyudimianhuoyudimianpingqi。zaizhihoupeituzuochenglvegaoyudimiandeshupan,bingjiaozushui,daishuishenhoufutuyiceng,yijianshaoshuifenzhengfa。

  ruanzaomihoutaoweicixiongyizhuguoshu,zaizhishi,cixiongpeibiwei8: 1weiyi。

  duiyuxinzaizhidemiaomu,zaiturangganhanshiyingjishiguanshui;jieheguanshuijinxingdeshiliangzhuifei,meizhuzhuishiniaosu509。ruguoyushuiguoduoyaojishipaichujishuifanglao,shengzhangshijianneiyaobaochishupanturangshusongerwuzacao。

  xinshaoyaojishiyinfudaojiaxianshanghuozhizhushang,yimianfengdazheduan。1~3nianshengdezhizhu,meinianfengdongzhiqian,yaozaigenbupeilo~20cmdesongtufanghan。

  2.2jiashiyuzhengxingxiujian

  2.2.1 jiashi。ruanzaomihoutaoshitengbenluoyeguoshu,zhimanxizhang,zaizirantiaojianxia,zhuyaoyikaojimanpanyuanyuqitashumushangshengzhang。zaizaipeiguoyuanli,xuyaoshelizhijiagongqipanyuan。youyinweiruanzaomihoutaozhangshihenqiang,shiyanyanjiubiaoming,zhilishengzhangdezhitiao,qishengzhangliangda,buyixingchenghuaya: ershuipingshengzhangdezhitiao,qishengzhangliangyiban,huayaxingchengduo。genjuzheizhongshengyutexing,pengjiazaipeiyishuipingjiapengweihao。

  shuipingpengjiayoufenshuipingxiaopengjiaheshuipingdapengjia,jingyanjiubiaomingdapengjiamianjida,tongfengtouguangtiaojianhao,nengchongfenfahuiqishengzhangjieguonengli,yinerchanlianggao,pinzhiyehao。yincizaipeiyiyongshuipingdapengjia。dapengjiaguigeshi: gao1.8~2. om,jiajianjuli4mzuoyou,zaimeixingzhizhuzhijianmeige2.4—2.6mliyigenshuinizhuhuomuzhizhizhurutu60cm,yaoqiuzhizhuchuizhilaogu。congjiadejibuzhijiadingmeige40—50cmsheyidaohengtiexian,jiamianshangmei60~80cmsheyidaotiexian。

  2.2.2zhizhuzhengxing。zhengxingdemudeshishizhimanhelifenbuyujiamianshang,yiyouxiaoliyongzaizhikongjian,cujinzhizhubaochiwangshengshengzhangshihetigaojieshinengli。

  dapengjiazaipeidezhizhuzhengxingcaiyong“duozhumanshanxing”。miaomudingzhihoudediyinian,jiangzhilizhimanzai30cmchuduanjie,dangniankemengfa2-4gezhiman。dongjixiujianshi,jiangshengzhangjianzhuangdezhitiaozuozhumanhou,zai60—80cmchuduanjie,cuqidierniancongjibumengfaqiangzhi,yipeiyangzhuman。meizhupeiyang2~3gezhumanjike。zaimeigezhumanshangxiangjian50~80cmjiaocuoxuanliuqiangzhuangdezhitiaopeiyangceman;cemanshangzaipeiyangjieguomuzhi。dancongdimiandaodiyicemanjianmengfadexinshaoquanbujinzaochuqu,yimianyingxiangzhumancemandeshengzhang。

  2.2.3zhizhuxiujian。xiujianyaodongjianhexiajianxiangjiehejinxing。dongjianzailuoyehouzhizaochunshangliuqianerzhoujinxing,guozaoyishijiankoufujindeyayanchougan;guowanyiyinqishangliu,weihaishuti。dongjianyijubutongshulingshiqideshengzhangfayuqingkuang,zhizhuyingyangshengzhangheshengzhishengzhangdeguanxi,shiguoshujizaochengxing,shiqijieguo,shiguoshushengzhangwangsheng,gaodujieshi,shilaoshufuzhuang,yanzhangjieguonianxian。

  guanjianshiquedingbutongshiqishutideliuzhiliang,heyinianshengzhitiaoxiujianzhangdudengwenti。yibanmeipingfangmibaoliuzhong、zhangzhi4~5ge,duanzhirubuguomiyingjinliangbaoliu;yinianshengzhitiaodexiujianqiangduyiduan、zhongduanjieweizhu;chuzhumandeyanzhangmanwai,jianliuzhangduyibuchaoguo80cmweiyi,jieguozhiyibanzaijieguobuweiyishangliu4~5geyaduanjie;duijieguobuweiwaiyi,guangtudaijiaoduodejieguomuzhiyingjishigengxin;qimuzhijiburuyoushengzhangchongshijianzhuangdejieguomuzhihuofayuzhishi,kejiangjieguomuzhihuisuodaojianzhuangjieguozhibuwei。jieguomushengzhangshiruoshi,xiujianshi,jiangqijibudeqianfuyachujiandiao,cushiqiqianfuyamengfa。dangzhumanlaoruoshi,yingjishizaizhizhujibuxuanliuqiangzhuangxinzhipeiyanggengxin。

  xiajianzhuyaoshizaimengfaqihexinshaowangshengshengzhangqijinxing。xiajianliyudiaojieshutiyingyangfenpei,gaishanshuguanneidetongfengtouguangtiaojian,liyushutishengzhangyujieguo。zhuyaofangfashizaizhiyamengfashiyingjiangzhumanjizhimanshangzheshengweizhibudanghuoguomideyamodiao,shuangshengyaliuyige。xinshaozhangdao30cmyishang,zainengbianrenhuaxushi,yaoshuchuguoduodefayuzhihexiruodejieguozhi,yaoqiumein,2liu9~l1gexinshaoweiyi,shijieguoxinshaoda40%zuoyou,zaixinshaodadao80—loocmshizhaixin。

  2.3guoyuanguanli

  2.3.1 turangguanli。jianyuanzaizhihou,yaobuduanjinxingshupanguanli,meinianyaojiehechucaojinxingfangengshupan2~3ci,tongshisuishuguankuodaerzhujiankuoda,songtushenyibushanggenweizhu,yingshizhongbaochishupanturangshusongwuzacao。

  turangdeshenfanshuhuakegaishanshuifen、kongqitiaojian,liyuhaoqixingweishengwufanyu,youliyufeilizengjia。yinci,shenfanheshifeixiangjieheshigaishangenxishengyuhuanjingdeguanjiancuoshi,shiqiyiguoshicaishouhoujinxingweiyi,yibanyi50cmzuoyouzuiheshi。shifeitongshizhuniankuodashupan。

  2.3.2shifei。zaoshijifeihaoyuwanshi,caishouhoujizaoshifei,youliyuweichiqiujideyepianguanghezuoyong,yanhuanyepianshuailao,tongshiliyuhuayafenhua。feiliaoyiyoujifeiweizhu,tongshihunruyidingliangdedan、lin、jiafei。youjifeimeizhu15—20kg,danfei2009,lin、jiafeige1509。shifeifangfaweizhu,xingjiangoushihuo**shi。meinianzhuifei2ci,yicishikaihuaqianzhuifei。buchongkaihuasuoxuyingyang,yitigaozuoguolvhecujinxinshaoweizhu;ercishizaiguoshixunsushengzhangshiqijinxing,shijiandayue6yuedizhi7yuechu,liyuguoshishengzhanghepinzhitigao。zhuyidiyicizhuifeiyidanyuansuweizhu,dierciyilin、jiafeiweizhu;chenglingguoshumeizhudan400~500g,lin1509、jia2009。

  2.3.3guangaiyupailao。ruanzaomihoutaoshirouzhiqiangenxizhiwu,xishirunpalaoziheganhan。yinci,jianyuanshi,yaoguihuawanzhengdepaishuixitong。yumeinianyujilailinqianwanchengpaishuigouqingligongzuo,shipaishuitongshun。meinianduishugenbudouyaojiehesongtujinxingpeitu,shishupangaodulvegaoyudimian,bimianshutizhouweidiwajishui。ganhanjijieguanshuibaoshi。

  3caishouyuzhuyun

  ruanzaomihoutaoguoshirouruanduozhidejiangguo。zuoweigaodangxianshiguopinjinrushichang,helidecaishouyuzhuyunshifeichangguanjiandecuoshi。

  youyuguoshichengshubuyizhi,suoyiyaoshishizhangwosuichengshusuicaishoufenpishouhuoyuanze。caishoudechengshubiaozhunshi: lvseguopijuyoumingxiandeguangze、shaoyoudanxing;kerongxingtangda10%yishangshishirengongcaishoudezuijiaqi。kerongxingtangkeyong“shouchicetangyiceding”。

  tianjiancaishoudeguoshiyaoyongxiaoxingsuliaoxianghuozhixiangshengzhuang,yaoqiuqingnaqingfang,rukudiertianyaodaoxianghuofenzhuangchushou。daoxiangmudeshisanfatianjianreliangheguomianshuifen,yilizhufang。guoshizaidiwenlengku,o~2℃tiaojianxia,kezhucun10~15d,ruguoyongzuojiagongyuanliao,yaojishijiagongchuli。


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