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杏鲍菇袋栽覆土新技术

时间: 2016/5/5

  xingbaoguyoumingciqinceer,shizhenxishiyongjunzhiyi。qirouzhifeihou,cuinen,sezerubai,weidaoxianmei,yingyangfengfu,beiyuwei“suzhongzhihun”。caiyongxialieshineichugushiwaifutuzaipeixinjishu,shengwushenghualvkeda100%—120%,erqiegutishangpinxinghao,yubufutuzaipeixiangbi,xiaoyiketigao15%—20%。

  yi、shengwuxuetexing(1)junsishengzhangwenduwei6—30℃,zuishiwendu18—25℃,yuanjihezishitixingchengwendu10—20℃,zuishiwendu15—18℃。(2)junsishengzhangqijieduanpeiyangjihanshuiliangyi60%—65%weiyi,kongqixiangduishiduyaoqiu60%—70%,shiduchaoguo80%junsishengzhanghuanman;danzishitixingchenghefayujieduan,xiangduishiduyaoqiu90%—95%。(3)junsishengzhanghezishitishengzhangfayujieduandouxuyaoxinxiankongqi,tebieshiyuanjixingchenghezishitifenhuaxuyaochongzudeyangqi。(4)junsishengzhangbuxuyaoguangxian,zishitixingchenghefenhuazexuyaoyidingdesansheguang。(5)peiyangliaophzhishiyifanweiwei6—8。

  er、peiyangliaopeifangmianziqiao、zamuxie、yumixin、zhezha、feimiandengjunkezuozaipeiyuanliao,yidapeishiyongxiaoguogenghao。cankaopeifang: (1)zamuxie50%、mianziqiao30%、maifu15%、yumifen3%、zhetang、shihuige1%;(2)zamuxie40%、mianziqiao38%、maifu20%、tang、shihuige1%;(3)zamuxie24%、mianziqiao30%、maifu25%、yumixin20%、shihui1%。anyishangpeifangdiaochengdehunheliaohanshuiliang60%。

  san、zhuangdaimiejunyujiezhongpeiyangliaobanyun,tangyushihuiduishuihouhunrubanliao。keyongzhuangdaijizhuangdai,jundaiguigexuanze15limi×30limi×0.05limihuo17limi×30limi×0.05limijuyixihuojubingxisuliaodai。zhuangdaiyaoqiusongjinshidu,yongtaohuantaodai,anchangguifangfamiejun。daidaiwenjiangzhi30℃yixiajiezhong,yongjiantoumugunzaidaizhongjianzhadong,dongshen2/3zhi4/5,zheiyangyouliyujunsimengfa。

  si、fajunqiguanlijiezhonghouyirupeiyangshifajun。peiyangshiyingxuanzeganzao、tongfeng、baowenbaoshi、ganjingdefangjian,baochishiwenyue25℃,kongqixiangduishidu60%。meitiantongfeng1—2xiaoshi,qiwendishizaizhongwutongfeng。peiyangshikedajia,fenwei4ceng,gao2mi—2.5mi,zhang2mi—4mi,meicenggao0.5mi—0.8mi,kuan0.6mi。diwenjijieyingyujiawen。ruyouganranjundaijishitichushaohui。

  wu、chuguguanlijing20—25tian,junsichiliao4/5yishangshi,jikeyiruzaipeishi。

  zaipeishineibaochiwendu10—18℃。jundaiqudiaotaohuangaizi,jiaqiangtongfeng,yicujinjunsichengshu。5—10tianyuanjizhunbeixingchengshi,jiangtaohuanjingquanqudiao,baxuekoulaojunzhongwadiao。jing7tian,zishitiyuanjixingchengshi,badaikoufanzhehuoyongxiaodaobadaikoumoqiediao,baoliu1limi。zishitimanmanpengdashi,baochiwenduyue16℃,kongqixiangduishidu85%—95%。shiduguodihuoguogaojunhuiyingxiangzishitidepinzhi。meitiangenjuqingkuang,yongpenwuqizaikongzhongpenshui2—3ci,budezhijiepenshuizaigutishang(fouzegutiyifahuang)。jiaqiangtongfenghuanqi,tongfengbuliangyizaochengjixinggu。

  liu、shuleixingbaoguyouhenduoshiliaomianzhangmangulei,guleidaduoyingyanggongyingbushang,yizhizishitipianxiao,yingxiangpinzhi。cishiyingjishishulei。fangfashiyongxiaoduguodedaopian,xuanzeneixiegexiao、yingyangbuliang、jixingxiaogu,zaiqijunbingpengzhangxiabupingzhenggechu,bingguanbimenchuang,tingzhipenshui1tian。

  qi、caishouxuanzegeda、jungaiyuanzhengpinghua、jungaiyoutuyuanquyupingmiandeguticaishou。caishoushiyongyixiaodudexiaodao,zuoshouniegu,zaijunbingjibuhejunsitizhijiangechu,zhuyibimianshangjipangbianxiaogu,ruguduobubianqiechu,keyongshouningzhuanzhaichu(bukeyongliyingbai,yimianjunsitizhengkuaituolipeiyangjiliao)。caixiadegufenleicunfang。

  ba、futuguanlixuanzeyifuhanfuzhizhi、shaoweifeiwoshusongdetuzhi,dagainongmoyuzheyangwangxiangpeihedepeng。qichuangwashen10—15limi、kuan130—150limi,zhangdubuju。yong2%shihuishuiyu80%didiwei500beiyebanrutuzhong。

  diyichaogucaishouhou,bajundaiqingliganjing,yiruqichuang,kehengfanghuoshufang。sizhoutianmanxitu,daimianfutuhou2—3limi,chuangmianpudaocao、jieganbaoshi。ranhouzaichuangmianpenshuizhichuangshangchaoshi。gaishangxiaogongpeng2—3tian,jiehejiemomeitiantongfeng1—2ci,pensaxiaoshui。futuhou10—15tianxianlei,20tianhoujikecaishouzishiti。

  jiu、bingchonghaifangzhixingbaogubinghaishao,yifashengchonghai,zhuyaoweihaidexiaojunwen、zhenjunshouwen、jinchiyanxunwen。zaizishitishengzhangguochengzhong,youyushidudahuotongfengbuliang,yizaochenggutifulanhuozaipeichangdifujindelanjundai、fenbian、zacao、lajidengyichuanbochonghai。chuqizaizishitibiaomianxingchengkelihuosizhuangzhanxingtoumingti,leisijiaoshui,zheishijunwenzaizishitishangpailuansuozhi。jitianhouyouchong(rouyannanyiguancha)shouxianweihaizishitiyuanji,ranhouxishizishiti。shouhaibuweichengaozhuang,huanghese;yanzhongzhechengzihese,youchouwei,biaomianyouyicengnianxingye。youxiejixinggutineibeizhukong。rubujishishamiezaochengyanzhongsunshi,shenzhijueshou。

  fangzhifangfa: 1、yifangweizhu,zaipeichangyingxuanzeganjingdechangsuo,tongfenglianghao,gufangzhouweiwuchuqin、zacao、fenbian。2、youtiaojiandegufangmen、chuanganzhuangfangchongwanghuoshabu,fangzhichengchongfeiruchanluan。3、zaipeifangshiyongqian,yong5%shihuishui、dibaichongxiaodushachong。4、guzhaiwanhou,yonglvqingjuzhi1000beiyehuodibaichongruyoupensha。5、jishiqingchuganranjundai,jizhongshenmaihuoshaohui。


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