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绿化大树怎样移栽

时间: 2016/4/7

  suizhechengzhenbeijingpk10jiyuanlinchengshi、shengtaichengshibeijingpk10dexuyao,dashuyizainengzaiduanqineidadaolvhuaxiaoguo、fahuilvhuagongneng,duiyugaishanshenghuohuanjingheshengtaihuanjingyouzhezhongyaodezuoyong[1].yinci,dashuyizaizaidaolu、gongyuan、zhuzhai、bangongdenglvhuagongchengdengfangmiandedaoleguangfandeyingyong。

  1yizaiqianzhunbei

  yizaidedashuyaoqiushuxinglianghao、zitaiyoumei、shengzhangjianzhuang、wubingchonghai,tongshihaiyaoqiushumudeshengtaixuetexingyuzaizhidihuanjingjuyouyizhixing。yibanzaishaocihuanmanshengzhanghuotingzhishengzhanghou,tiqian3~6geyueduangen,guigeyuedadeshu,duangentiqianshijianyuezhang。duangenhouyongshenggenfenjinpao,ranhoutiantujiaoshui,shishumuyizhishiyouyidingshuliangdexingen[2].

  xiujiankeyijiadagenjingbi,jianxiaoshuifenzhengfa,shidishang、dixiashuifenxuqiupingheng,tigaochenghuolv。yinggenjushuzhongdebutongxixingcaiqubutongdexiujianfangshi。quanmiaoshixiujianzhuyaoyongyuchanglvshuzhonghuomengyaliruodeshuzhong,ruguihua、guangyulandeng,yaobaoliuyuanyoudezhiganshuguan,jiangtuzhangzhi、jiaochazhi、bingchongzhijiguomizhijianqu;jiezhishixiujianzhuyaoyongyuzhongyanglingdaozhimingxian、mengyalijiaoqiangdeshuzhong,ruzhangshu、yinxingdeng,zhibaoliushuguandeyijifenzhi,jiangqishangbuzhitiaojiequ;jieganshixiujianzhuyaoyongyuzhongyanglingdaozhiruo、shengzhangkuai、chengzhiliqiangdeshuzhong,ruxuanlingmu、guohuaideng,zhongshanshandashuyizaijishujiangzhenggeshuguanquanbujiequ,zhibaoliuyidinggaodudeshugan[3].jieganshi,zaizhugan2.5~3.5 mchuxuanze3~5gezhuzhi,zaijuzhugan50~70 cmchujuduan,bingyongbomozhahaojukou。zaixiujianshiyaozhuyijiankou(jukou)depingzheng,bingyongtumojitumo,yifangfu、fanggan、cujinyuhe。tumojidaduoyongnongyongfanshilinjianongyongshajunjihunheshiyong。haikeyongbaiqi、hongqi、lafengdengtumojiankou(jukou)。

  2jueshu

  2.1luogenshudewajue

  shiyuluoyeshuzhong。wajueshiyishuganweizhongxin,yishumuzhijingde6~8beiweibanjinghuayuan,zaiyuanquanchuxiangwaiwagou,juduanzhugen。dangzhugenhecegenjuduanhou,jianggoudeyicewashen,manmantuidaoshugan,jinliangbushangxugen。

  2.2tuqiushudewajue

  shiyuchanglvshuzhong。tuqiuzhijingweishuganzhijingde6~8bei,tuqiugaoduweishuganzhijingde2/3.wajueshi,zaituqiuzhijingdewaicewagou,goubichuizhi,zhanduanxigen,juduancugen,bingjiangtuqiubiaomiansongtujizhouweixiuping,congtuqiudibuxiezhexiangneiqieduanzhugen。

  3baozhajiyunshu

  duigenxierjinmi、tuzhijianshi、yunshujulibuyuandetuqiu,keyongcaoshengjianyibaozha,huoyongsuliaobujianyibaoguo。tuqiudeqitabaozhafayoujingzibao(baozhacheng“jing”zixing)、wujiaobao(baozhachengwujiaoxing)、xianqiubao(baozhachengzonghengjiaozhidexianqiuzhuang)dengfangfa。tuzhijianshi、yunshujulibuyuan,keyongjingzibaohuowuxingbao,yunshujuliyuan、tuzhibutaijianshi,keyongxianqiubao。baozhaqian,yingzaituqiusizhouneicetaowadigou,yibiandabaoshikazhucaosheng,bushisongsantuoluo。baozhashi,shixianjinshicaosheng,zengjiaqirenxing,ranhouyongcaoshengzaiqizhongbuhengraoshuquanzhayaogu,yaogukuanzai10 cmzuoyou;yongshuangguhuo4gucaoshengyishuganweiqidian,shaoqingxie,congshangwangxiaraodaotuqiudiyangouneizaiyoulingyimianfandaotuqiushangmian,zairaoshuganshunshizhenfangxiangchanrao,di2cengyudi1cengjiaochayahua,caoshengjiange8~10 cm,zaizhongfuhuanraozhonglajincaosheng,zhongguononglinwangjianyizuihoucaoshengzaishuganjibushoutou。shumudiaozhuangshi,yaoshishuguanxiangzheqicheweibu,genbukaojinqicheqianbu,tongshihaiyinggenjujijiezaituzhongzhuyizheyang、baoshi。baozhuangcailiaojifangfayaogenjushutihetuqiudaxiao、tuqiuturangjinshidu、yunshujulidengzonghekaolv。tuqiujiaoda、yunshujulijiaoyuanshi,yingyongxianzhimuxiangbaozhuang,yiquebaotuqiudewanzheng。tongshishuganyaoyongcaoshenghuoqitarouruancailiaobaozha,fangzhizhuangyunshisunshangshupi,jianshaoshuifenzhengfa。

  4yizhi

  chunjiyizhiyingyuturangjiedongshuyeshangweiliudongshi,helianpaiyizhishunxu。fayazaodezaoyi,fayachidechiyi;luoyeshuzaoyi,changlvshuchiyi。qiujiyizhizaishumudishangbushengzhanghuanmanhuotingzhishengzhanghouzhiturangfengdongqianjinxing。qitajijieyizhiyingongchengbeijingpk10dexuyao,zaibushiyijijieyizhishi,yingsuiwa、suiyun、suizai,jishishiyongguanshui、yemianpenshui、lijiazheyin、shiyongyizhengjihuofanghanfangdongcuoshi。

  dingzhixuededaxiaoyaobituqiuzhijingda40~60 cm,shenduyaochaochutuqiugaodu15~20 cm.yujianzhulajiduo、turangsuanjiandupiangao、turangguoyujianyingdengyuanyinzaochengtuzhibuhaodezaizhidishi,yingyongshusongfeiwodeketujinxingzhihuanhouzaizaizhi。zaizhifangshizhuyaoyouluogenzaizhiyutuqiuzaizhi2zhong。luogenzaizhi: diaozhuangdashuruxueshi,shituqiuzhilizaixuedituduishang,huitianbiaotu,bingzaibutongfangxiangqingyaoshugan,shiturangyugenxijinmijiehe,zaitiantutashi。tuqiuzaizhi: diaozhuangdashuruxueshi,xianjiangdashuxiediaoyudingzhixuedituduishang,jiangshuguanfuzheng,bingyidongdiaozhengshuguanfangwei,shishutifangxiangyuyuanfangxiangyizhi,yimanzuzheyinjiyangguangdeyaoqiu[4].ranhouyongzhijiazhichengshuti,shiqiwendingzhili。fangrutuqiuhou,jiangqiyuxuebijianxiyongtutianmandaoshi,bunengyongjiaotashiturang,fangzhituqiukailie。

  5yizhihouguanli

  zaijiaozudingzhishuihou,keyongabt 6haoshenggenfen10~20 mg/kgrongyeguantougenbu,ge7 dzaiguan1ci,yekeyongsushenggen0.02 mg/kgduigenbujinxingjiaoguan。tongshikejieheturangshajunjirugenfuling、dikesongdeshiyong,shicugen、xiaodutongshijinxing。caoshengraoganyouliyuxiajigere、dongjibaowen,yibancaoshengraodaoshumugaodu1.5 mdeweizhi。zaizhihouyinglijilizhuzhichengshumu,yifangfengchuiwaixie,liyugenxishengzhanghechenghuo。yibancaiyongsanzhu、sizhuzhijiajiangshuganlaoguzhicheng,zhizhujibumairutuzhong,zhijiagaoduweishugangaodude1/4~1/3.zaizhishi,duiyuchanglvshuzhonghaiyaolijiazheyin。lijiataidijibuliyutongfeng,yebuliyujiangwen,lijiagaodu、kuanduyibanyaolishumugaodu、kuandu25 cmyishang;yongzheyangwangzheyin,zaixiajiwangneiwenduyibanbiwangwaiwendudi1~3 ℃,zuigaokedi4~6 ℃。yizhichenghuohou,shumuchanghuifachuhenduomengnie,weijizhongshuifenheyangfen,yingjiangshugan2.5 myixiaheshuganyijifenzhiyixiademengyachuqu。duishuguanshangdemengya,weilebaoliujiaodadeyemianjijinxingguanghezuoyong,yijinzaohuifushushi,zaishengzhangqiyibanbuzuoshuchuchuli,kezaixiumianqishidangshuli,jiangjingzhengzhi、zhongdiezhishuchu。shumuzaizhihou,keyongshiliuhejishengshihuitubaiji(shiliuhejiyuanye∶shiyan∶shengshihui∶shuiwei0.5∶0.5∶3.0∶10.0)jiayouzhishiliangduishuganjinxingtubai,jikefansheyangguang,jianshaoshuganduitaiyangredexishou,jiangdishutizhouyewencha,youkeshamieshupineiyuedongdebingchonghai。yizhichenghuohou,dashurengzaihuanmiaoqi,shengzhangruo、kangxingdi。weilefangzhidongjishuganpicengdonglie,yingcaiyongcaodai、bomobaozhadengfangdongcuoshi,yilishumuanquanyuedong。yizhihou,chujinxingxiujian、zheyang、guanshuiwai,xiajihaikeshiyongjuyixichun(fenxichun)2 000~3 000bei(yongrekaishuirongjiehouxishi)penwuyepian,mei7~10 dpenwu1ci,lianpen2~3ci。ciwaihaikeyongjuyierchun、shiladengduizhiyejinxingpenwu,yijianxiaoshuifenzhengfa,tigaoshumudechenghuolv。

  6shuifeiyunchou

  dashuyizaihoudejiaoshuicishuhejiaoshuiliangzhiguanzhongyao。yizaishi,yingxianjiangzaizhixuejiaotou,zaihouyaolijijiaotoushui1ci,bingpeiheshenggenjihegenfulingdengyaojiyiqishiyong。jiaoshuishiweishishuiyenengguanzhigenbu,yeweilefangzhizaicijiaoshuiyinqideturangbanjie,kezaisizhoumaishesuliaoguan,congguanliguanshui,huozaisuliaoshuiguantoubujieshangzhangyue1 mdepenqiang,xiangxiacharutucengshenchuguanshui。xiajiyaozhuyizheyangfangshai,shishiduigenbuguanshuiheshuyepenshui。dashuyizaihou,yinggenjushudeshengzhangqingkuang,yuyinianzaochunheqiujigeshisanyuanfuhefeihuoyemianshifei1ci,cujinshutijianzhuang。

  7bingchonghaifangzhi

  dashutongguoyizai,jiankou(jukou)duo,mengyadezhiyenen,shutidedikangliruo,rongyizaoshoubingchongweihai,rufulanbing、yachong、zhuganhaichongdeng,keyongduojunling、jiajituobujinyuleguodengnongyaohunhefangzhi。


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