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速生杨扦插育苗种植技术

时间: 2016/4/7

  beijingpk10jidishiyunianlaibuduantansuohezongjiesushengyangqianchayumiaojishu,xianhouqianchapeiyusigexiliedesushengyangyiyiduozhu,fazhansushenglin1.3wanmu,zhangwohejileilesushengyangqianchafanyudejibenjishuyujingyan。fanyudemiaomuzaimanzubendanweizhishulvhuaxuyaodetongshi,zhuyaoxiangdifangchushou,qudelejiaohaodejingjixiaoyiheshehuixiaoyi。yixiajiangbeijingpk10zongjiechudesushengyangqianchayumiaojishuyaodianjinxingjieshao。

  1. zhongtiaoxuanze

  yingxuanzeshihedangdituzhiheqihoudeyouliangpinzhongjinxingfanyu。zhongtiaodelaiyuanyibanyoulianggetujing: yishizhijiecongsushengyangshushangcaiji1~2nianshengdejianzhuangzhitiao,xuanyongqizhongjiaoshunzhi、cuxiyuncheng、yabaobaoman、wubingchonghaidezhitiaozuoweizhongtiao。ershixuanyong1~2nianshengzhuangmiaomiaoganzuozhongmiao,zhiliangyaodadaoguojiaguidingdeyi、erjimiaobiaozhun,budeshiyongsanjimiao。zhongtiaodecaijihechuzangchangcaiyongliangzhongfangfa: yizhongshiqianchaqianzhijiecongshushanghuopingchamiaoganshangcaiji;lingyizhongshijiangzhongtiaojinxingshazangyuedongchuli,jingguodongjide0~5℃diwen,yichunzaiqiancha。dongjishazangshi,gediyingshiziranziyuanjiqihouqingkuangcaiqubutongdefanghancuoshifangzhidonghai。beijingpk10jidicaiqudeshishenwadijiaodefangshifanghan。tongshiyingzhuyikongzhishazideshidu,shiduguoxiaoyiyinqizhongtiaoshishui,shiduguodayiyinqizhongtiaofulan,yibanyikongzhizai60%zuoyouweiyi。

  2. chatiaojianjie

  yongguoshujianhuocaidaobazhongtiaojianjiecheng15~20limizhangdechatiao,jianjieshiyingzhuyiyixia3dian: yishiyingjinyibuguanchahexuanzezhongtiao,zhongtiaoshangduanmeiyoumuzhihuahuomuzhihuabuwanquandebufenjizhongtiaoxiaduanjiaocuda、jiaowanqu、yabaojiaoxiaodebufenyingjiediao,xuanquzhongjianbufenzuoweizhongtiao。ershijianjiedegongjuyaobaochifengli,ruyongdundao、dunjianyizaochengduanmianzhipisilie,yingxiangfaya。sanshizhuyijiangchatiaodexiaduan(rutuduan)jianjiecheng45°jiaoxiemian,yibianyurutu,shangduanjianjiechengpingmian,pingmianliyuliuchumiaoya2~3limi(zaishijicaozuozhong,genjujingyanyibanshizaiyuliuchumiaoyadeshangyiyabaodexiaduanjinxingjianjie)。

  3. cuigenchuli

  weitigaoqianchachenghuolv,yaoduichatiaojinxingcuigenchuli。

  ①jinshuicuigen。youyuchatiaojingguozhenggedongjihoushuifensunshijiaoda,weibaozhengchatiaozishenyouzugoushuifenshenggenfaya,zaichunjiqianchaqian,jiangjianjiehaodechatiaozhuangruhuaxiandaizhong(bianyujinpaohelaoqu),shishishuiqingkuangjinpao2~7tian。

  ②daozhicuigen。jiangchatiaomei80gezuoyoukunchengyikun,washen0.5mi,zhang、kuange1midekeng,kengdipu15limizuoyouhoudeshazi,jiangchatiaodaolizaikengzhong,kengkougaiyicengsuliaobomobingyongtuyashi,7~10tianhou,qianchachenghuolvkeda98%.

  ③yaojicuigen。yibanyong0.01%naiyisuannarongyechuli24xiaoshi,huoyongabt1haoshenggenfen100haoke/qiankerongyejinpao2xiaoshi,doukexianzhutigaoqianchachenghuolv。

  4. tudipingzheng

  yingxuanzedishipingtan、tuzhifeiwodesharangtuherangtudikuai。shizudifei,meimushijifei5000qianke、sanyuanfuhefei10qianke、niaosu30qianke,tongshishirufunandan2.5qianke,yixiaomiedixiahaichong。duitudijinxingshenfanhenguanjian,zaishijianzhong,yixiedanweitushengshi,zhijinxingxuangeng,gengcengfeichangqian,jiashangqilongqiliangyongtu,jieguozaochenggengzuotucengtaibo,chatiaohennanchaxiaqu。lingwai,gengdishihaiyaozhuyiduiditoubianjiaodeshenfan,jixiewufadadaodexiaobianjiaobiyaoshishiyongxiaojixiehuozherenlifangeng,zuodaohengdaotou、shudaobian,fangzhichuxianmiaopuzhongjianzhangshihao、zhoubianzhangshichadewenti,yingxiangzhenggemiaopuzhiliang。qianchazhuxingjuyibanwei30limi×100limi,rucaiyongpingdiqiancha,yibanmeige3midayilongliang,bianyujiaoshui,xianzaidaduocaiyongdeshidatianshigaolongfumoyumiao,yingbatudizhengcheng100limi(tixinglongmianshangbukuandu)yilongdemiaochuang,meilongdeliangbiangeqianchayixing,lianglongjiangeyumiaochuangtongkuan,fumoyi0.008haomihoudeheisebomoweijia(fangcaoxiaoguohaoyubaisemo),bingzhuyiyingzaiqilonghoulijifumo。

  5. qianchayaodian

  meiniande3yuezhongxiaxunjinxingqiancha。rucaiyonggaolongfumoqiancha,chatiaodingduanyingluchumowai2limizuoyou。tebieyingzhuyideshi,bunengyongchatiaozhijiezaimoshangqiancha,yinweizhichashichatiaodedibuhuiqiegesuliaofumo,chatiaozaidibuxingchengyigedaxiaoyizhidemopianjiangdibufengzhu,yingxiangchatiaoduishuifenheyingyangdexishouerzaochengsimiao。qianchashi,yingyongmugunhuoshouzhixianchuopobomo,zaiduizhunmokongqiancha。tongshiyingzhuyi,zaibomoshangchuokongshibunengtaida,yibichatiaolvecuweiyi,taidayipaofenglouqi,chuidafengshibomoyibeichuipo,suoyiyaozaiqianchahouhuotongshiyongtuduiqianchakongjinxingfengkong。rucaiyongzaidatianneizhijieqiancha,keanzhuxingjuzaituzhijiaosongdedikuaishangzhijieqiancha(yekefumo)。zaituzhijiaoyingdedikuaishangchatiaonanyichaxiaqu,yixierenjiuyongzhuantoudengzhongwujidachatiaoshangbu,daozhishangbubianmaocaohuozhepilie,yingxiangchuya。cizhongqingkuangxiakeyongzuankonghuoli、chukaigoudebanfaqiancha,bingzhuyiqianchahouyashi。zaituzhifeiwo、shuilitiaojianjiaohaodedikuaizhuxingjukeshidangxiaoxie,zaiganhanjiqiulingdiquzhuxingjukeshidangdaxie,meimuyi2000~2500zhujiaoweishiyi。

  6. miaoqiguanli

  sushengyangmiaoshengzhangxunsu,jixifeishui,qianchahouyaozuohaoguanshui、shifei、zhonggengdenggongzuo。

  ①guanshui。qianchahouyaolijijiaoshui,6yuediqianyingbaochimiaopushirun,quanniangenjujiangshuiheturangshangqingguanshui5~7ci,yibaozhengmiaomushengzhangdexuyao。diyicijiaoshuishi,bimiandashuichongguanhedineijishui,fangzhiqianchatiaobeishuichongzouhepiaoqi,yaoxiaoshuimanmanshenguan。yihoumeicijiaoshuiyijiaotouweizhi,bimianzhangshijianmanguan,fangzhidiwenjiangdiheyinqilangen。zaitudichuxiandapingxiaobupingshi,weilefangzhichuxiandiwadiyanmiao、tuchudijiaobushangmiaodeqingkuang,zaizhengdishiqilongdejichushang,shixuyaosuishizengjiadangshuihengdang。

  ②zhuifei。yu4、5、6、7yuezhongxunfen4cishiru,meimufenbieshiniaosu10qianke、10qianke、20qianke、30qianke。weizengqiangmiaomumuzhihuachengdu,yu8yuezhongxiaxunmeimushi25qiankesanyuanfuhefeihe10qiankelvhuajia。zhuifeiyigoushiweiyi。

  ③zhonggeng。meiciguanshuihouhemiaomushengzhangqijian,yaojishijinxingzhonggengchucao,baochiturangshusong,tigaodiwen,baochishangqing。

  ④moya。yaoshishizuohaomoyagongzuo,yibanyingjinxing1~2ci。zaiyouyazhangdao20limizuoyouzhangshi,yingxuanzegaodacuzhuangdeyoumiaoyuliu,qitayoumiaoquanbumoqu。ruguodiyiciweiqingliganjing,huoyoushengzhangchuyuliumiaoyiwaidexinmiao,cishikezaijinxing1cimoya。

  ⑤peitu。weilepeiyuhekuodagenxifugaimianji,zengqiangkangfengli,congmiaogao20limikaishiyaojinxingduocipeitu。

  ⑥bingchonghaifangzhi。miaoqiyaotebiezhongshibingchonghaifangzhigongzuo。youmiaodingduanshihaichongzuiyiqinhaidebuwei,yaozhuyiguancha,zuodaozaofaxian、zaofangzhi。5yuexiaxunyihou,yaotebiezhuyifangzhiyebanbing、qianxinedengbingchongweihai。


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